Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormal quantum of androgens, manly coitus hormones that are generally present in women in small quantities. The name Polycystic ovary syndrome describes the multitudinous small excrescencies (fluid- filled sacs) that form in the ovaries. Still, some women with this complaint don’t have excrescencies, while some women without the complaint do develop excrescencies.
Ovulation occurs when a mature egg is released from an ovary. This happens so it can be fertilized by a manly sperm. However, it’s transferred out of the body during your period, If the egg isn’t fertilized.
In some cases, a woman does not make enough of the hormones demanded to ovulate. When ovulation does not be, the ovaries can develop numerous small excrescencies. These excrescencies make hormones called androgens. Women with PCOS frequently have high situations of androgens. This can beget further problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle. And it can beget numerous of the symptoms of PCOS.
Treatment for PCOS is frequently done with drug. This ca not cure PCOS, but it helps reduce symptoms and help some health problems.
What causes PCOS?
The exact cause of PCOS isn’t clear. Numerous women with PCOS have insulin resistance. This means the body cannot use insulin well. Insulin situations make up in the body and may beget advanced androgen situations. Rotundity can also increase insulin situations and make PCOS symptoms worse.
PCOS may also run-in families. It’s common for sisters or a mama and son to have PCOS.
What are the pitfalls for PCOS?
You may be more likely to have PCOS if your mama or family has it. You may also be more likely to have it if you have insulin resistance or are fat.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
The symptoms of PCOS may include
• Missed ages, irregular ages, or veritably light ages
• Ovaries that are large or have numerous excrescencies
• Redundant body hair, including the casket, stomach, and back(hirsutism)
• Weight gain, especially around the belly(tummy)
• Acne or unctuous skin
• Manly- pattern baldness or thinning hair
• Small pieces of redundant skin on the neck or armpits (skin markers)
• Dark or thick skin patches on the reverse of the neck, in the armpits, and under the guts
How is PCOS diagnosed?
Your health care provider will ask about your medical history and your symptoms. You’ll also have a physical test. This will probably include a pelvic test. This test checks the health of your reproductive organs, both outside and outdoors your body.
Some of the symptoms of PCOS are like those caused by other health problems. Because of this, you may also have tests similar as
• Ultrasound. This test uses sound swells and a computer to produce images of blood vessels, apkins, and organs. This test is used to look at the size of the ovaries and see if they’ve excrescencies. The test can also look at the consistence of the filling of the uterus(endometrium).
• Blood tests. These look for high situations of androgens and other hormones. Your health care provider may also check your blood glucose situations. And you may have your cholesterol and triglyceride situations checked.
How is PCOS treated?
Treatment for PCOS depends on a number of factors. These may include your age, how severe your symptoms are, and your overall health. The type of treatment may also depend on whether you want to come pregnant in the future.
Still, your treatment may include
If you do plan to come pregnant. • A change in diet and exertion. A healthy diet and further physical exertion can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can also help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood glucose situations, and may help you ovulate.
• Specifics to beget ovulation. Specifics can help the ovaries to release eggs typically. These specifics also have certain pitfalls. They can increase the chance for a multiple birth (halves or further). And they can beget ovarian hyperstimulation. This is when the ovaries release too numerous hormones. It can beget symptoms similar as abdominal bloating and pelvic pain.
Still, your treatment may include
If you don’t plan to come pregnant.
• Birth control capsules. These help to control menstrual cycles, lower androgen situations, and reduce acne.
• Diabetes drug. This is frequently used to lower insulin resistance in PCOS. It may also help reduce androgen situations, slow hair growth, and help you ovulate more regularly.
• A change in diet and exertion. A healthy diet and further physical exertion can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can also help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood glucose situations, and may help you ovulate.
• Specifics to treat other symptoms. Some specifics can help reduce hair growth or acne.
What are the complications of PCOS?
Women with PCOS are more likely to develop certain serious health problems. These include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer. Women with PCOS frequently have problems with their capability to get pregnant(fertility).
Living with PCOS
Some women struggle with the physical symptoms of PCOS, similar as weight gain, hair growth, and acne. Cosmetic treatments, similar as electrolysis and ray hair junking, may help you feel better about your appearance. Talk with your health care provider about the stylish ways to treat the symptoms that bother you.
When should I seek medical care?
• Women with PCOS may not ovulate, have high situations of androgens, and have numerous small excrescencies on the ovaries.
• PCOS can beget missed or irregular menstrual ages, redundant hair growth, acne, gravidity, and weight gain.’PCOS can beget missed or irregular menstrual ages, redundant hair growth, acne, gravidity, and weight gain.
• Women with PCOS may be at advanced threat for type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and endometrial cancer.
• The types of treatment for PCOS may depend on whether or not a woman plans to come pregnant. Women who plan to come pregnant in the future may take different kinds of specifics.